Some Views on the Current Chinese Textile Industry
Issuing time:2021-06-28 16:18
Textile industry in China is a highly labor-intensive and foreign dependent industry. China is the world's largest textile and garment producer and exporter. The sustained and stable growth of textile and garment export is very important to ensure China's foreign exchange reserve, balance of international payments, and stability of RMB exchange rate, social employment and sustainable development of textile industry.
The main raw materials of textiles are cotton, cashmere, wool, cocoon silk, chemical fiber, feather and down, etc. The downstream industries of textile industry mainly include clothing industry, household textiles, industrial textiles, etc. The textile industry is subdivided into cotton textile, chemical fiber textile, hemp textile, wool textile, silk textile, textile knitting industry, printing and dyeing industry, etc.
Textile industry is also a high pollution industry. According to the statistics of the State Environmental Protection Administration, the total sewage discharge of printing and dyeing industry ranks the fifth of the national manufacturing industry. 60% of the wastewater discharge from the industry is also from the printing and dyeing industry, and the pollution is heavy, the treatment is difficult, and the reuse rate of the wastewater is low. In the process of production, some products use acid and alkali in large quantities, and finally produce sulfur, sulfuric acid, sulfate and other harmful substances, which cause serious pollution to the environment; Another manifestation of environmental pollution caused by chemical fiber production is the non degradability of chemical fiber products, especially synthetic fiber, which has high waste recovery cost and pollutes the air after combustion; It is not easy to degrade after waste, which causes deterioration of soil environment. In addition, the pre-treatment process of the wool, hemp and silk industry is also the main source of sewage discharge. In terms of energy consumption, textile machinery, chemical fiber machinery power consumption is very salient. The total energy consumption of chemical fiber industry is about 10% - 30% higher than that of foreign advanced level.
China is a big country of textile production and export. After years of development, China's textile industry has obvious competitive advantages. It has the most complete industrial chain in the world, the highest level of processing and supporting facilities. Many developed industrial clusters are constantly strengthening their self-regulation ability to cope with market risks, which provides a solid guarantee for the industry to maintain a steady pace of development.
In terms of the international environment, there is still much room and opportunity for expansion in the international market. The effective control of COVID-19 in China will surely promote the growth of international trade, which will provide a favorable international market guarantee for the growth of China's textile and garment export.
From the perspective of domestic economic environment, domestic demand will become an important driving force of industry growth. About 80% of China's textiles are consumed domestically. With the sustained and rapid growth of the domestic economy, the steady improvement of residents' income will stimulate the further development of the domestic market.
Chinese textile enterprises should overcome the rise in raw materials, the appreciation of the RMB and the export tax rebate adjustment difficulties, catch the opportunity of the textile industry development, improve the industry concentration, curb inefficient the blind expansion of production capacity, increase the construction of characteristic industrial parks, strengthen the pace of independent innovation, enhance the brand construction of China's textile industry, and carry out industrial adjustment and upgrading, make China stride forward from a big textile country to a powerful textile country.
Some Related Issues
1. Technical equipment is relatively backward, new product development is insufficient. According to statistics, the output value of the three major textile industries in China (textile industry, garment industry and chemical fiber manufacturing industry) accounts for about 61%, 28% and 11% respectively.In addition to the chemical fiber production technology and the sewing equipment of the backbone garment enterprises close to the international advanced level, there is a big gap between the traditional crafts such as spinning, weaving, dyeing and finishing and the world advanced level.
2. Lack of high-quality human resources. The industry is short of talents in brand operation, capital operation and research, and international communication, as well as inter-disciplinary talents with international operation experience and adaptability to international competition.
3. The degree of enterprise informatization is not high. The industry software development power is weak, the software products are few, the application proportion of enterprise management software is low, the information popularization rate is low, the e-commerce starts slowly, most enterprises are backward in management mode, so it is difficult to establish a market quick response mechanism of "small batch, multi variety, high quality and fast delivery".
4. Lack of brand management concept. Traditional home textile, small scale, single products, processing trade proportion is still very large, lack of means to deal with international competition.
First of all, enterprises should strengthen management, increase the rapid response mechanism, and take the route of small batch, multiple varieties, fast delivery and high quality.
Second, the level of equipment is the basic condition of the competitiveness of the textile industry, so the cotton textile enterprises should invest their limited funds in the use of advanced cotton textile technology, support the use of new and efficient cotton textile process equipment, long ring spinning frame with auto doffers, compact spinning technology and coarse and fine winding machine. Aojia Loom is committed to creating more wealth and value for customers by adhering to strict and meticulous equipment level as always.
Third, we should gradually improve the level of mechatronics. Due to the wide application of electronic technology and computer technology, international cotton textile technology develops rapidly in the direction of high quality, high yield, automation and continuity. Enterprises should continuously promote technological progress, gradually improve the level of mechatronics of cotton textile machinery, realize on-line monitoring of process parameters, and replace traditional technical equipment of cotton textile technology with automation, continuity and intelligence, so as to improve labor productivity, competitiveness and economic benefits of products.